Timeline

 

Previous: Beethoven's Early Period

--Art--

 

BEETHOVEN'S MIDDLE PERIOD

 

1803

Birth of French composer Berlioz.

Louisiana Purchase

Lewis and Clark begin expedition to search for Northwest passage.

 

1804

Napoleon Bonaparte declares himself Emperor of Europe.

Beethoven is infuriated by his hero's betrayal of democracy, rips off and burns the title page of his "Bonaparte Symphony." His new title is "Eroica," "in memory of a hero."

 

1805

Beethoven's first three middle string quartets (Op. 59, Razumovsky) are published. Beethoven's Eroica (Third) Symphony first performed.

 

1807

Birth of American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

--Art--

 

1808

Beethoven's Fifth and Sixth (Pastoral) Symphonies premiere on one program.

 

1809

Birth of American president Abraham Lincoln, English naturalist Charles

Darwin, and German composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy.

Beethoven's Harp Quartet (Op. 74) - the fourth of the middle quartets - published.

 

1810

Birth of Polish/French pianist and composer Frédéric Chopin, German composer, and critic Robert Schumann.

Beethoven's Serioso Quartet (Op. 95) - the fifth of the middle quartets - published.

 

1811

Birth of Hungarian composer and piano virtuoso Franz Liszt.

Beethoven's Emperor piano concerto first performed.

 

1812

Birth of English novelist Charles Dickens.

The U.S. declares war on Britain.

Napoleon retreats from Moscow.

Fairy tales published by The Brothers Grimm.

--Art--

 


Next: Beethoven's Late Period